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Fixed Orthodontics Curriculum

 

1st lecture – Introduction To Orthodontics
  • Branches of orthodontics-Preventive, Interceptive, Corrective, Surgical
  • Aims and objectives of orthodontics
  • Jackson’s triad
  • Biology of tooth movement
  • Optimum orthodontic force and its importance
  • Center of Resistance and its significance
  • Basic biomechanics
  • Types of movement of tooth
  • Tipping-Controlled and uncontrolled
  • Translation or Bodily movement
  • Torquing or Up righting

 

2nd lecture – Growth and development
  • Growth spurts and clinical implications
  • Theories of growth and development
  • Functional matrix theory
  • Servo system theory
  • Stages of development of dentition and occlusion
  • Gum pad stage and its characteristics
  • Primary dentition stage and its characteristics
  • Mixed dentition stage and its characteristics
  • Permanent dentition stage and its characteristics
  • Andrew’s six keys of malocclusion

 

3rd lecture – Instruments
  • Instruments and materials used in orthodontics
  • Clinical applications of instruments and materials

 

4th lecture- Banding
  • Banding materials
  • Advantages of banding
  • Disadvantages of banding
  • Dimensions of bands
  • Preformed bands
  • Procedure of banding
  • Precautions while cementing the bands

 

5th lecture – Bonding

 

  • Disadvantages of bonding
  • Types of bonding-Direct bonding and Indirect bonding
  • Procedure of bonding
  • Bonding on to ceramic surface, cast metals, composite etc.

 

6th lecture – Diagnosis Part I
  • Steps in diagnosis
  • Chief complaint
  • Importance of trauma
  • Dental history and Medical history
  • Hapsburg jaw
  • Prenatal history and Postnatal history
  • Effect of habits in orthodontic treatment
  • Physical growth evaluation

 

7th lecture – Diagnosis Part II

 

  • Clinical examination
  • Examination of shape of head- Cephalic index
  • Examination of face
  • Facial index
  • Rule of thirds and fifths
  • Smile arcs and buccal corridor width
  • Facial profile and Facial divergence
  • Nasolabial angle and Mentolabial sulcus
  • Clinical FMA

 

8th lecture – Diagnosis Part III

 

  • Functional examination of TMJ
  • Subjective symptoms of TMJ
  • Palpation and Auscultation of TMJ
  • Mouth opening
  • Intra oral examination
  • Occlusal relationships-Molar, Canine, Incisor relationship

 

9th lecture – Diagnostic Aids-Cephalometrics

 

  • Essential and Supplemental diagnostic aids
  • Applications of lateral cephalogram
  • Purpose of lateral cephalogram in diagnosis
  • Landmarks in lateral cephalogram
  • Hard tissue and Soft tissue analyses
  • Tracing of lateral cephalogram
  • Steiner’s analysis-Skeletal and Dental parameters
  • Tweed’s analysis-FH plane
  • Witt’s appraisal

 

10th lecture – Diagnostic Aids-Study Model Analysis

 

  • Purpose of Study models
  • Tooth size and arch size discrepancy
  • Permanent and Mixed dentition analysis
  • Carey’s analysis
  • Bolton’s analysis
  • Tanaka and Johnston analysis
  • Moyer’s analysis

 

11th lecture – Treatment Plan
  • Importance of treatment plan
  • Factors to be considered in treatment planning
  • Importance of age and growth status of individual
  • Complexity of malocclusion
  • 1 phase and 2 phase treatment plans
  • Growth pattern of Individual
  • Space gaining treatment plan
  • Order of treatment in different planes
  • Growing and Non growing patient treatment plan

 

12th lecture – Straight Wire Appliance
  • Evolution of straight wire appliance
  • E-arch or Expansion arch
  • Pin and tube appliance
  • Ribbon arch appliance
  • Pre-adjusted edgewise appliance
  • Prescriptions of brackets
  • Features of pre-adjusted edgewise bracket
  • Arch wire types and uses
  • Dimensions of arch wires

 

13th lecture – Straight Wire Technique
  • Stages of straight wire technique
  • Levelling and Alignment stage
  • Considerations in the initial stages of Levelling and Alignment
  • Anchorage and its classification
  • Bend backs and Lace backs
  • Space closure or Retraction phase
  • Roller coaster effect
  • Appliances used for space closure or retraction
  • Finishing and Detailing stage
  • Positioning of bracket on tooth
  • MBT chart
  • Bracket positioning errors
  • Arch forms
  • Sequence of arch wires for a case

 

14th lecture – Management Of Class I Malocclusion
  • Management of class I bimaxillary protrusion
  • Management of mild, moderate, severe crowding
  • Management of Spacing’s with normal profile
  • Management of Spacing’s with convex profile
  • Considerations while treating skeletal and dental class I malocclusion

 

15th lecture – Treatment Of Class II Malocclusion
  • Class II division I and Class II Division II malocclusion
  • Skeletal class II and Dental class II
  • Assessment of severity of class II malocclusion
  • Treatment plan for mild, moderate, severe class II malocclusion
  • Functional appliances for class II correction
  • Treatment for mild or moderate class II division I in mixed dentition period and adult patient
  • Extraction pattern in class II division I malocclusion
  • Camouflaging treatment
  • Treatment of class II division II

 

16th lecture – Treatment Of Class III Malocclusion

 

  • Class III malocclusion
  • Pseudo class III malocclusion and True class III malocclusion
  • Treatment of pseudo class III malocclusion
  • Treatment of true class III malocclusion in growing patient
  • Orthopaedic correction in class III malocclusion
  • Treatment of mild class III malocclusion in adult patient
  • Treatment of moderate and severe class III malocclusion in adult patient
  • Surgical correction for class III malocclusion
  • Genioplasty for class III correction

 

17th lecture – Management Of Deep Bite Malocclusion

 

  • True deep bite and Pseudo deep bite
  • Comprehensive management of deep bite
  • Extrusion of posterior teeth
  • Appliances for extrusion of posterior teeth
  • Proclining the anteriors
  • Intrusion of incisors
  • Indication of upper incisor intrusion
  • Effect of intrusion utility arch
  • Altering the positioning of brackets for intrusion
  • Mini implant assisted intrusion

 

18th lecture – Management of Openbite and Crossbite

 

  • Types and etiology of Openbite
  • Effect of tongue thrusting habit
  • Management of Openbite
  • Appliances for managing Openbite
  • Retraction of upper and lower anteriors
  • Crossbite and its management
  • Appliances for expansion of arch
  • Indications of expansion appliance

 

19th lecture – Retention And Relapse
  • What is Retention and Relapse
  • Conditions which does not require retention
  • Permanent retention requirement cases
  • Retention appliances-Removable and Fixed
  • Features of Retention appliance
  • Hawley’s Retainer
  • Begg’s Retainer
  • Essix Retainer
  • Disadvantages of Removable Retainers
  • Fixed lingual bonded retainer
  • Advantages of fixed retainer
  • Precautions while giving Fixed retainer
  • Schools of thought for Stability of treated malocclusion
  • Theorem’s of Stability

 

20th lecture – Overview Of Straight Wire Technique Illustrated By Animations

 

  • Treatment of palatally blocked lateral incisor using open coil spring
  • Vertical box elastics to close anterior open bite
  • Crossbite corrections
  • Expansion with RME (hyrax screw)
  • Correction of general spaces
  • Alignment of highly placed canine
  • Reverse curve Niti usage

 

21st lecture – Elastics In Orthodontics

 

  • Types of Elastics
  • Dimensions of elastics
  • Amount of force that each elastic applies
  • Different configurations in which elastics can be used
  • How to select an elastic for a given case
  • Class I, II, III elastics
  • Dontrix gauge
  • Uses of elastics
  • Cross elastics, Box elastics, Diagonal elastics, Triangular elastics, M or W elastics
  • Heavy elastics

 

22nd lecture – Headgears

 

  • What are headgears
  • Uses of headgears
  • Components of headgear appliance
  • Types of Face bow
  • How to orient the outer bow
  • Placement of inner bow
  • Types of headgear
  • Occipital headgear and its features and applications
  • Cervical pull headgear and its features and applications
  • Combipull or Straight pull headgear and its features and applications
  • Reverse pull headgear and its features and applications
  • Headgear with chin cup
  • Selection of a headgear for a given case

 

23rd lecture – Expansion In Orthodontics

 

  • Dental and medical indications of expansion
  • Skeletal and dental expansion
  • Mid palatal suture in different ages
  • Types of expansion appliances-Removable and Fixed
  • Split acrylic plate with jack screw
  • Split acrylic plate with coffin spring
  • Schwarz appliance
  • Quad helix
  • Hass appliance
  • Hyrax appliance
  • Slow and Rapid expansion
  • Activation of rapid maxillary expansion
  • Assessment of expansion
  • Contraindications of expansion

 

24th lecture – Myofunctional Appliances

 

  • What are myofunctional appliance
  • Principals of working of myofunctional appliance
  • Effect of myofunctional appliance
  • Sequence of treatment plan to use myofunctional appliance
  • Classification of functional appliance
  • Activator and its component and its indications
  • Fabrication of removable functional appliance
  • Phantum activator effect
  • Advantages and disadvantages of Activator
  • Bionator and its indications
  • Frankel appliance and indications
  • Types of Frankel appliance
  • Twin block appliance
  • Advantages of twin block appliance
  • Features of twin block appliance
  • Activation of twin block appliance
  • Construction bite procedure
  • Treatment with twin block appliance
  • Advantages of fixed functional appliance
  • Order of treatment plan with removable and fixed functional appliance
  • Herbst, jasper jumper and Forsus appliances
  • Functioning of  myofunctional appliance

 

Case Discussions

 

  • Video1 – 3 cases
  • Video2 – 3 cases
  • Video3 – 4 cases
  • Video4 – 2 cases
  • Video5 – 3 cases
  • Video6 – 2 cases
  • Video7 – 2 cases
  • Video8 – 1 cases
  • Video9 – 3 cases
  • Video10 – 3 cases
  • Video11 – 4 cases
  • Video12 – 4 cases
  • Video13 – 3 cases
  • Video14 – 2 cases

 

Practical Demo On Typodonts/ Models

 

  • Video-1 – Separators Placement
  • Video-2-Banding Procedure
  • Video-3-Pre Fabricated Bands
  • Video-4-Bonding Procedure
  • Video-5-Auxillaries Placement
  • Video-6-Arch wire Placement.
  • Video-7-Consolidation Technique
  • Video-8- E-chain placement
  • Video-9- Piggy back- Techniqie
  • Video-10- Open coil springs
  • Video-11- Various Elastics and Placement
  • Video-12-De-bonding Procedure.

 

Patient Demo Videos
  • Video-1-Elastic-Separators placing
  • Video-2-Wire Separators Placement
  • Video-3- Banding Procedure
  • Video-4- Bonding Procedure
  • Video-5 -016 Niti arch wire Placement
  • Video-6- E chain and Active tie backs
  • Video-7 – 17x 25 Niti  Arch wire Placement.

 

OUR ADDRESS

  • Indian Dental academy,
  • Hyderabad-India.
  • E mail : indiandentalacademy@gmail.com

UPCOMING COURSES

  • Implant Dentistry
  • Periodontics
  • Endodontics
  • Crown & Bridge
  • Laser Dentistry

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